Basics of Photography
As for starters First you need a Dslr or mirror-less Camera. We will be using term Dslr frequently afterward to refer to a camera.
A camera body with kit lens is enough to start with, to understand the camera and to take amazing shots. Basic setting on all camera bodies are almost same irrespective of the brand whether it is a Nikon,Canon,Pentax etc.
if you are very new to dslr world set the camera dial to Auto and try to capture images
in Auto mode camera decides on its on what settings should be good, considering the lightning conditions it selects shutter speed,ap
erture and iso to get a good well exposed image.
for beginners its good to take decent shots using full auto mode.
Understanding your Camera
Once you get used to Auto mode i highly recommend to switch to other modes.
you might missed some amazing shots just because of auto mode. Auto is good for newbies but start experimenting with “Aperture priority” and “Shutter priority” modes.
Shutter and Aperture Priority modes
Shutter speed is how fast your cameras shutter captures the image, the faster it is the less blury image will be, but the faster shutter closes the less light incident on sensor which results in darker images or under exposed images.
So in shutter priority mode you decides what shutter speed you want and camera decides other settings like aperture and iso according to lightning conditions.
This mode is very useful when you are shooting somewhere where lightning is changing often so camera do the calculation and you just need to focus on shutter speed.
To get sharp images do not set shutter speed less then 1/100 otherwise a little bit of shake can cause blur if you are not using a tripod. Always try to keep it above 1/100 .
Same is with the Aperture priority mode, in this mode you decides the aperture of lens and camera decides the rest of settings(iso and shutter speed). This mode is very handy when you want a specific Aperture and do not want to change it to compensate the exposure.
If you want to capture an image with nice and heavy bokeh(blur background) you need a wider aperture (like f1.8 , f2.8 etc) so you select the widest aperture possible for the lens and capture the image, camera decides the shutter and iso to properly exposse the image.
These two modes are very good for beginners (even many pros prefer these modes). i suggest that start experimenting with these two modes as quick as possible instead the Auto mode.
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